|Titel:||Seismic Modernism - Architecture and Housing in Soviet Tashkent|
Tashkent, the southernmost metropolis of millions in the Soviet Union, is a city redolent with architectural contrasts and para doxes. Home to the most beautiful prefabricated buildings in the world, it features a prominent urban duality predicated upon the oriental Old City and the Russian NewCity. Never was this contrast brought into sharper focus than during the severe earthquake of 1966 which left the NewCity relatively unscathed but the Old City in ruins. Yet one respite was offered: a rebuild ing effort which triggered an upsurge of innovation. The city thus became the face of seismic modernism– unprece dented in history, the earthquake stimulated the modernisation of urban development in Tashkent. Architects incor porated regional building traditions in their social ist modern designs, includ ing the visually intrig uing façade mosaics attri buted to the little-known Zharsky brothers. The rebuilding of Tashkent provides a perfect example of Soviet ideas about urban planning – in which technical standardisation and social require ments were no more of a contradiction than the design of experimental living concepts and the simultaneous search for an expression of national identity in building. Tashkent thus represents a unique example of radical urban redevelopment in a Soviet megacity with standard designs.
Philipp Meuser, born in Hilden / Germany (1969), architect and publisher. Studied architecture in Berlin and Zürich with a focus on history and theory. Construction and consulting projects in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Academic research on mass housing in the Soviet Union as well as publications on socialist architecture.
ISBN 978-3-86922-494-7 (russisch)